Good to know
Logistics includes all of the tasks for the integrated planning, coordination, implementation and control of the goods flows as well as the goods-related information from the development up to the lower consumption. The Seven-Rights definition according to Plowmann has established as short but precise definition of logistics goals:
• The right product
• in the right quantity
• at the right time
• at the right place
• in the right quality and
• at the right cost
Cargo is the English name for freight transported by a forwarder against payment. The fee for the transport of cargo is referred to as cargo. The transport of cargo is organized by forwarders. Several means of transport are used:
• lorries on car trains
• freight trains
• cargo ships
• cargo plains
• intermodal or multimodal transport as a combination of several means of transport
Calculate "load meter"
A load meter is the needed space of a product on a truck with utilization of the standardized truck width of 2.40 m.
This formula can be used to calculate the load meter:
(length x width of a product in meters) / 2.4 = load meters
1 EURO-Pallet is 1.20 x 0.80 meters big
(1.20 x 0.80) / 2.4 = 0.4 load meters
frequently asked questions
What is the capital provision fee?
Any customs duties (taxes and customs duties) are charged by the tax authorities directly to a so-called deferral account or ZAZ-account of the customs service provider. This procedure causes additional expenses (e.g. deposit of a guarantee, provision of the applicable customs duties, dunning, risk, etc.), which must be provided as a cost effective service (capital provision fee, short: KAP).
What is the advancement fee?
For our customer we pay all customs duties in advance by using our ZAZ-account (see also capital provision fee). To ensure this prefinancing it is necessary to transfer a so-called advancement fee.
What does “chargeable freight weight?
The chargeable freight weight is the basis for the calculation of the transport costs. This value is calculated as the ratio of weight and volume of the used packaging unit for optimal utilization of the means of transport. In sea freight 1 cbm has e.g. 1000 kg of chargeable freight weight, i.e. in the case of a cbm at least 1000kg chargeable freight weight will be calculated, even if the actual (effective) weight is only 200 kg.
Why is there a currency floater?
The Swiss National Bank has stopped the backup of the CHF against the EURO at the beginning of 2015. In case services are purchased in Switzerland and invoiced in EURO, there is a significant currency fluctuation. In order to be able to regulate these fluctuations, there is a currency floater, which is adjusted according to the current exchange rate.
Which delivery documents are required?
• Completed shipping order
• (possibly) delivery note
• Commercial invoice or proforma invoice
• customs documents (export, EUR 1, Carnet etc).
Which customs documents are required (Germany / Switzerland)?
• Up to 1000€ / or 1000 kg: trade or pro-forma invoice
• Up to 3000€: original commercial invoice with signed text concerning origin of the goods, export declaration
• Up to 6000€: original commercial invoice with signed text concerning origin of the goods, export declaration, observed presentation period (24 hours at the place of departure)
• From 6000€: original commercial invoice with signed text concerning origin of the goods, export declaration, original, stamped EUR 1.
What should I do if I cannot create the export or the EUR1 myself?
• completed authorization to TRANSCO
• EORI number (customs number) to TRANSCO
• Long-term supplier declaration to TRANSCO (to create the EUR1)